The Stock Market is a market for the trading of company stocks, and the likes of the same. In Stock Market both of these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those that are only traded privately.
Though it may seem common, the term Stock Market is a somewhat abstract concept for the mechanism that enables the trading of company stocks. It is usually also used to describe the totality of all stocks in the market and indeed other securities, with the exception of bonds, commodities, and derivatives.
The term market is used especially to apply within one country as, to put up with within the phrase “the Stock Market was up today”, or within the term ” Stock Market bubble”. Bonds are still traditionally traded in an informal, over-the-counter market known as the bond market.
Commodities are usually traded in commodities markets, and derivatives are traded in a variety of markets but like bonds, mostly ‘over-the-counter’. The size of the worldwide ‘bond market’ is estimated at $45 Trillion and the size of the Stock Market is estimated as about half that.
It must be noted though that the derivatives market, because it is stated in terms of notional outstanding amounts, cannot be directly compared to a stock or fixed income market, which refers to the actual value in a market.
The Stock Market is distinct from a stock exchange, which can be said to be an entity, say a corporation or a mutual organization countenance within the business of bringing people and sellers of stocks and securities together.
Here, the case in point-Stock Market-within the United States includes the trading of all securities listed on the splendid NYSE, the NASDAQ, the Amex, as well as resting on the many regional exchanges, the OTCBB, and Pink Sheets. European examples of stock exchanges include the Paris Bourse (now part of Euro next), the London Stock Exchange and the Deutsche Borse.
Importance Of Market
The importance of Stock Market can be understood when it’s most imperative networks for transport, electricity and telecommunications function properly. Thus, it is essential that, in market payments can be transacted, capital can be saved and channeled to the most profitable investment projects and that both households and firms obtain help in handling financial uncertainty and risk as well as possibilities of spreading consumption over time.
The financial markets constitute an important part of the total infrastructure for every single society that has passed the stage of largely domestic economies.
The Financial System Of The Market Performs Three Main Tasks:
1) It handles transfer of payments in the markets.
2) It channels savings to investments with a good return for future consumption in the Stock Market.
3) It spreads and reduces the economic risks in relation to the players’ targeted returns.
Here also note that systemic risk is not thereby reduced, it merely becomes less concentrated and uneven. Moreover, unforeseen risks, or catastrophic risks are a good example of the complete collapse of the financial system or government institutions in the market, which cannot be capable of being spread, or insured against.
The smooth functioning of all these activities and facilitates in the Stock Market give economic growth and the lower costs and enterprise risks promote the production of goods and services as well as employment. In this way the financial system contributes to increased prosperity.
The market is one of the primary most important sources for companies to raise money. Prior experience has shown that the price of shares and other assets is an influential part of the dynamics of economic growth. The continuously rising share prices tend to be associated with increased business investment and vice versa in the Stock Market.
Share prices also affect the wealth of households and their consumption. Thus, central banks tend to keep a bull’s eye on the magnificent control and behavior of the market.
Relation Of The Stock Market To The Modern Financial System
In the market the financial system in most western countries has undergone a remarkable transformation. One main feature of this progress is disinterring mediation. A portion of the funds involved in saving and financing flows directly to the financial markets instead of being routed via banks’ long-established lending and deposit operations.
The general public’s heightened interest in investing trait within the Stock Market, either directly or through mutual funds, has been an important component of this process.
The statistics related to the market show that in many countries in the recent decades shares have made up an increasingly large proportion of households’ financial assets. A feature in the market within the 1970s, in Sweden, deposit accounts and other very liquid assets with little risk made up almost 60 per cent of households’ financial wealth, as against less than 20 per cent within the 2000s.
The major part of this adjustment in financial portfolios has gone directly to shares but a bargain now takes the form of various kinds of institutional investment for groups of people. As examples in the Stock Market the pension funds, mutual funds, hedge funds, insurance investment of premiums, and so on, the list goes on. The trend towards forms of saving with a higher risk has been accentuated by new rules for most funds and insurance, permitting a higher proportion of shares to bonds.
Thus, in a Stock Market similar tendencies are to be related in other industrialized countries. In all developed economic systems, like the European Union, the United States, Japan and other first world countries, the trend has been the same-saving has moved away from well established (government insured) bank deposits to more risky securities of one sort or another.
Lastly, any type of a dealing in the Stock Market should be given a serious thought and then only to be proceeded.