Benefits and Challenges of Multinational Companies (MNCs)

Multinational companies (MNCs) are not without benefits, which may be to the government, the economy, and the people or even to itself. Cole (1996) stated that the size of multinational organization is enormous; many of them have total sales well in excess of the GND of many of the world’s nations. Cole also stated that World Bank statistics of comparison between multinational companies and national GNPs shows, for example, that large oil firms such as Exxon and Shell are large in economic terms that nations such as South Africa, Australia and Argentina are substantially greater than nations such as Greece, Bulgaria and Egypt.

Other large multinational companies include General Motors, British Petroleum, Ford and International Business Machine (IBM). Some of the benefits of multinational companies are:

1. There is usually huge capital investment in major economic activities

2. The country enjoys varieties of products, services and facilities, brought to their door steps

3. There is creation of more jobs for the populace

4. The nation’s pool of skills are best utilized and put to use effectively and efficiently

5. There is advancement in technology as these companies bring in state-of-the-art-technology for their businesses

6. The demand for training and retraining and advancement in the people’s education becomes absolutely necessary. This will in turn help strengthen the economy of the nation

7. The living standard of the people is boosted

8. Friendliness between and among nations in trade i.e. it strengthen international relation

9. The balance of payments of nations in trade are improved on

In the words of Cole (1996), he stated that the sheer size (and wealth) of multinationals means that they can have a significant effect on host country. To Cole, most of the effects are beneficial and include some of the above or all. The Electronic Library of Scientific Literature (1996) explained the benefits of MNCs under a theory known as ‘The Theory of Externalities’. The theory considers the benefits of MNCs from the point of view of those who maintain the importance of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) as part of the engine necessary for growth. In the contribution of Davies (1989), he gave some theories on the benefits/advantages of multinational. Davies (1989:260) tagged this ‘Economic Theory’ and the multinational where he took a comprehensive and critical look at the benefits of MNCs.

More benefits came along with these people’s theories and some are:

1. There is significant injection into the local economy in respect to investment

2. Best utilization of the country’s natural resources

3. They help in strengthening domestic competition

4. They are good source of technological expertise

5. Expansion of market in the host country

PROBLEMS/CHALLENGES FACING MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES

There is no company without problems it is facing. Whether an organization is big or small, there will certainly be some sort of problems or negative factor/influence militating against its survival or continuity. Weihrich and Koontz (1994) states that the operation of multinational companies needs to be weighed against the environmental challenges and most of the challenges being faced by multinational companies are:

1. There is usually acute shortage of manpower – people with lack of managerial and technical skills

2. The challenge of unfriendly business environment

3. There is usually the problem of conflicting interest among the three parties – the government, the MNC and the general public

4. There may be huge cost of labour in the host country, at least to get the expatriate managers from home country or somewhere else

Conclusively, the above mentioned authors have given all round and comprehensive note on the benefits of MNCs to the host country where they operate and as well highlighted the derivable benefits to the MNCs themselves from the host country. Likewise, in spite of the challenges and the problems being faced by these MNCs, they still continue to survival and waxing stronger.

Source by Oluwanisola Seun

Payroll Check Cashing

It is normal for employers to hate paydays, although not so much because it is the day they have to pay their employees their due but because doing so involves a lot of counting and computing. Computing individual salaries and giving the accurate amount to every employee is definitely taxing and may cause much confusion. To avoid all these troubles, many employers have opted to release payroll checks instead of actual cash during paydays. With payroll checks, employers no longer have to worry about counting cash.

But while payroll checks offer convenience for employers, they offer the opposite for employees, especially if the employee is ‘unbanked’ or ‘under-banked.’ Long lines, limited banking hours and tons of requirements often pester employees each time they cash their payroll checks at the bank. There?s also the additional trouble of paying a check cashing fee, although often minimal, for every payroll cashing transaction for the ‘unbanked’ and the ‘under-banked.’

Because of various business developments and technological advancements, payroll check cashing is no longer very inconvenient for employees. Banks are no longer the only establishments where you can cash payroll checks. Nowadays, you can cash a payroll check from a check-cashing center, which often requires a very minimal check-cashing fee and can process the check in less than 5 minutes. For more convenience, you can also cash your payroll check from the various check-cashing kiosks that can be easily found in major shopping centers and many convenience stores.

Another technology being developed today, which is, in fact, already being used by many companies today, is the payroll card. The payroll card is a plastic card that employers can use in place of payroll checks. This new technology allows employers to directly load an employee?s salary to the card, making cash transfers more convenient on the part of the employer.

With new technologies and various developments in the business world, payroll check cashing is no longer as inconvenient as it was years ago. And with more technologies being developed in the area of payroll check cashing, payroll checks and related instruments may soon be seen both by employers and employees as more practical than handing out salaries in cash.

Source by Jason Gluckman

Paragliding: 9 Things to Expect When You Paraglide

Snap on your wings, feel the wind in your face as you soar hundreds of feet above the ground without turbines or an engine. It’s flying, soaring, gliding at its most liberating sense, and most exhilarating form. This is paragliding, the act of free flight. Know what to expect from this sport and be inspired to feel the real essence of freedom. Here are 9 things you should expect when you undertake paragliding:

1. Get to know the gear. It is not just providing you with the equipment; you will also be familiarized with gear component and function. This basic knowledge will be the foundation of the skill and safety training that will commence after.

2. It’s a weather supported sport. Expect that the recreation company will cancel and reschedule your flight or lesson if weather conditions are not suitable to ride in. Nature’s elements are not entirely predictable, that is why experts immerse in thorough weather theory so they can gauge the closest to perfect riding weather condition.

3. The lesson plan. The key to a great and successful adventure is to have a better understanding of it. Ground schools, are where you get to learn aviation and weather theories. Training hill flights is where you master the skills of the slopes on gentler and smaller slopes. High flights, is where you perfect the skills of flying in normal paragliding heights, eventually transcend aided flights and going solo.

4. Get certified according to your competency. Learning this sport is a step by step process, one learning that will never be too rigid and formal. Be inspired be it ground or off-ground training, by knowing that you’ll get certified and licensed for completing each stage. As you progress through each stage in paragliding you get to go higher and farther, giving you more space to roam the skies.

5. The freedom of flight. What can be a better way to regain your freedom from the bondage of life than flying? There has never been a feat as desired, and dreamed of as soaring in the air. This is the best sport, one void of noisy engines, long baggage checks and isle seats.

6. Common courses offered include day courses, beginner, full pilot license, refresher, cross country and paragliding tours. For a beginner, these will be the common levels that you will go through if you decide to immerse yourself in this cloud-filled activity. For experienced riders, you can take refresher courses and take off from where you left off.

7. Paragliding is available to people 16 years and above, however participants who are 18 and below need to have a consenting party. The physical requirements are at a minimal, and as with any activity that involves flying, good eyesight, a sound mind and body is required.

8. Spectacular views. A top view is one of the most popular ways to see things clearly and from a different perspective. See the world unfold right in front of your eyes. Soaring at over 150 feet from the air is enough to give you a perfect sneak at the wonders of nature, city landscape and one perfect horizon.

9. A great achievement. The feat of flying has always been man’s achievement. Be one of the lucky ones to experience and get the opportunity of attaining this achievement of a lifetime. Paragliding is a way of life and once you experience it, surely you will take every chance and opportunity to ride the peaceful skies again and again.

As fun is determined by preference and threshold, one will not find paragliding difficult to find it in. The easiest, safest and simplest form of flying can be one that will bring immense pleasure, bliss, thrills, and excitement catering to any pleasure requirement.

Source by Peter Hawke

Free Government Grant Money For Financial Crisis

During times of economic financial times, the government has been providing billions of dollars in free grant money that never has to be repaid. There are a number of government grant programs for a variety of purposes, but many are made available to help US citizens with personal needs, while others are provided as a way to stimulate the economy.

For example, there are free government grants to help people pay their bills, credit card debt, and other personal debts that may be preventing them from being able to make ends meet. There are free government grant programs to help Americans buy new homes and investment properties, and there are even grants to help single mothers go back to school and pay their college tuition.

There are hundreds of government grant programs and even more private foundation grants that provide free money that never has to be paid back. This money is used to either help the individual and economy from going through a major downturn, or the money is provided as a way to move America forward so it can remain a competitive nation. That is why you’ll find billions of dollars in grant money that is given away for free to help people start a small business or go back to school to further their education.

These funds are financed by American taxpayers, which means that not only is anyone over the age of 18 allowed to apply for these funds, they are entitled to this money. As long as you are an American citizen and pay your taxes, you can quickly qualify to receive some of this money from the hundreds of government and private foundation grant programs that are available.

Source by Austin Warty

Parallels in Teaching and the Presidency

I’ve spent a lot of time as a teacher. In fact, I’ve been in the field actively for over fifteen years. My teaching experience includes every subject you can think of and every age group from Kindergarten right up to adults.

I’ve served in many different capacities from teacher to supervisor/ vice principalship to mentor of new teachers, behavioral intervention specialist and others ultimately earning tenure.

But what I have not had much experience with is politics. I’ve truly never had an interest due to the fact that I could see literally every politician lie and cheat to further themselves or their businesses on a local and national level.

So I never had much interest in learning about the arguments of each “side” (of course, as everyone intuitively knows, both the left and right wings belong to the same creature). I couldn’t have told you the difference between a liberal and a conservative or anything else.

I’m registered Independent because I don’t want to be put in a box and feel compelled to choose a candidate based on party loyalty because that sounds pretty shallow to me.

I was only concerned about policy and, honestly, nine out of ten times the choices were the equivalent of a rock and a hard place.

But last years’ presidential election was a learning experience for me and I took notice of what was going on and the workings of the parties as well.

In doing so I not only learned about politics, but I couldn’t help but draw some parallels between what had gone on with presidencies and my occupation as a teacher.

I’ve watched teachers from a unique perspective as a mentor, having seen teachers grow from relative novices to confident and capable teachers.

Sometimes.

Other times, I had to watch people just not cut out for the job hopelessly flounder.

I thought back to Jimmy Carter and his well meaning but sort of weak presidency, marred by failures like the hostage crisis. Here was a parallel where the teacher (President) led almost accidentally out of the pure fact that the position was his.

Then there’s Ronald Reagan, who was sort of like watching a retired general walk into the classroom. Not looking to make friends, looking to do business and not listen to a lick of backtalk, Reagan strutted his stuff with the air of a cool, collected character.

Along came Bill Clinton and he was able to accomplish a lot of things like whittling away on the national debt. Unfortunately, Bill did well only until a number of extracurricular activities with the faculty and staff marred his accomplishments forever.

The second President Bush was like the teacher who came through and made jokes with you, tried to give you a laugh and still get things done. Of course, never materializing weapons of mass destruction and arguably unwinnable and unnecessary wars were akin to the teacher who went off on endless tangents and wasted a lot of valuable classroom time.

Eight years ago or so, President Obama took office and promised hope and change for one and all. Not a wholly original political promise, he came across kind of as the substitute teacher everyone made fun of.

Indeed, the entire classroom became quite unruly. Leaders of other classrooms even poked their heads in the door to watch the mayhem.

They saw students throwing balls of paper and shooting spitballs at his head whenever he turned around to teach. They saw some of his students insult him right to his face without him even taking action to defend himself.

And the lack of respect the students had for him gave him a reputation with the other teachers as the weakest teacher in the entire school.

He did make one slightly bold move to try and give a hard time to one of the other classroom teachers, but was simply laughed at and told formally and publicly that his substitute teaching gig was over soon and they couldn’t wait for the real teacher to return.

And, at the time of this writing, the teacher doesn’t return for a few more weeks.

But you can see that the students know a return to strict classroom management is on the horizon.

Without even taking office, Donald J. Trump has commanded the respect of his classroom by returning thousands and thousands of jobs to the classroom before he even writes his name on the board for the first time.

Students and teachers from other classrooms can clearly see what is going on and are falling into line, getting ready to deal with a true leader who will stand for no shenanigans.

On January 20, 2017, President Trump will have a batch of new assignments and even some extra credit for those willing to work hard. He’ll also be handing out tardy slips, demerits and detention for those not willing to be part of the student body.

Already, we see a line of students sitting quietly in their seats with their hands folded and the floors and classroom area neat and tidy. This is a great sign of a well run and efficient classroom environment.

We’ve had a couple hundred years of same old same old politics and enormous disappointment. Or, as Obama has said, “Okie Doke”.

Now, with Trump, we will have a confident if unconventional leader at the head of the classroom.

There’s no reason to feel negative about this, in fact, it’s the first time in my life I’ve felt enthusiastically optimistic about a President and for the ultimate potential of the country we love and live in.

Class dismissed!

Source by James McClinsey

ITEC Exam Papers – How to Ace Your Exams

ITEC exams can be very difficult so it is vital that you have relevant multiple choice questions similar to what you would get on the ITEC exam papers.

In all ITEC theory exams, you receive an exam paper with 50 multiple choice questions. Each question has four possible answers and you must choose only one answer.

The pass rate for ITEC exams is 60% which is quite high. As a result there isn’t much room for error, you need to be confident when going in to sit your ITEC exams.

The best way to study for your exams is to have a large test bank of appropriate revision multiple choice questions. Depending on what subject you are learning, take a number of questions every day and learn these. I would recommend taking 20-30 questions and write them out on a sheet of paper or some record cards.

I find using the record cards are the best way to learn because you can bring them with you if you are out during the day, so for e.g. you can learn them during your commute to and from work.

If you are going to follow this method, you need to always test yourself every week. Don’t miss a week, consistency is the most important thing. After each chapter you learn, give yourself a little test. Write out your exam or better still, type it out. Close your books, sit down and answer all the questions. When you are finished, mark the paper and give yourself a percentage. This will enable you to see how strong you are at that particular subject and whether you need more study.

Source by Georgina Ryan

Prefabricated Building Materials

Prefabricated building materials are used for buildings that are manufactured off site and shipped later to assemble at the final location. Some of the commonly used prefabricated building materials are aluminum, steel, wood, fiberglass and concrete.

Prefabricated metal buildings use galvanized steel and galvalume as the chief materials for building. Galvalume is a form of steel coated with aluminum-zinc. This is to protect the building against corrosion, rust and fire. It also provides a sturdy and protective covering to the prefabricated building. Almost all the components of a metal building such as beams, frames, columns, walls and roofs, are made of steel. Most prefabricated military buildings use steel or aluminum frames. Synthetic materials are used for the walls and roofs. To provide enhanced security, a combination of both metal and cloth materials are used. Plastic flooring materials can be quickly assembled and are very durable.

Prefabricated building materials used for small prefabricated buildings are steel, wood, fiberglass, plastic or aluminum materials. These materials are cheaper than regular brick and concrete buildings. Materials like steel, fiberglass, wood and aluminum are used as prefabricated building materials for sports buildings. These materials provide flexibility and are preferred for making structures and accessories like stands and seats for stadium and gyms.

For making low cost houses, prefabricated materials like straw bale, Ferro cement, Calcium silicate products, composites and other cheap wood based materials are currently being used. Calcium silicate bricks are strong and durable. Ferro cement consists of a cement matrix reinforced with a mesh of closely-spaced iron rods or wires. In this type of construction, the techniques used are simple and quick.

Using prefabricated materials one can make durable, water and fire resistant and cheap prefabricated buildings. Most of the prefabricated building materials are eco-friendly and affordable.

Source by Jimmy Sturo

Palo Mayombe – Real African Spells, But Are They Good or Evil?

A Brief History of Palo

Palo Mayombe is an African tradition that has truly gained roots in the diaspora. It originated in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Spanish term for it – Las Reglas De Congo – or the Rules of the Congo, reflects its African roots. Today it is more widely practiced in various forms in the African diaspora, particularly in Spanish speaking countries such as Cuba, Venezuela, Columbia and the Dominican Republic. Yet it can also be found as a widespread practice in the Portuguese speaking Brazil as well as the French speaking Haiti. Palo Mayombe is also known as Brillumba, Palo Monte, and Kimbisia, among other terms. But for this discourse we shall simply refer to it as Palo for simplicity.

The origin of Palo is of course the Congo Basin region of Africa, today the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was transported to the New World as part of the campaign of slavery and the African traditions have become widespread. It is estimated that over ten million people practice Palo in some form in the Western hemisphere. The major liturgies, spells and incantations of Palo rely heavily on the Kikongo language. Similarly, the spells and rituals of Palo require many herbs, items, roots and special sticks found only in the Congo Basin. In fact the name Palo itself means “stick” in Spanish.

Palo is still widely practiced today in the Democratic Republic of Congo, as well as other neighboring African countries such as Nigeria and Benin. It is usually practiced alongside other traditional African beliefs. In the Democratic Republic of Congo it is often more common to hear the practices referred to as Vodou – as in the case of Benin – despite being very different from what is recognized as Vodou proper in Benin, or in the diaspora in Haiti. Much of the Palo practiced in the Democratic Republic of Congo today is very dissimilar in many ways to that of the diaspora.

A key difference is that African Palo is often referred to as “Jewish Palo,” whereas Palo practiced in the Spanish speaking diaspora is more likely to take the form of “Christian Palo.” The former has nothing to do with the religion of Judaism and is not intended to be pejorative. Rather, this is indicative of the fact that the former rejected syncretism with Christian traditions – such as the worship or combination of Catholic Saints with the traditional African mpungu, or spirits. In the diaspora in communities that practice “Christian Palo,” one may find that the traditional Congolese deity Kobayende is represented as Saint Lazarus. In the diaspora and African communities that practice “Jewish Palo” Kobayende remains primarily Kobayende.

There are exceptions – Catholic missionaries in Africa began a process of syncretism long before the slave trade began. And every single House in Palo practices differently. There are few concrete standards across the practice. So the history and basics of Palo up to this point should be taken as guidelines rather than absolute canon.

Spells in Palo

Palo primarily uses two spiritual forces – the power of the deceased and the power of African spirits. Both are called upon in any and every Palo ritual. The power of the deceased is especially noted. This deceased soul, or the muerto in Spansh, is linked to a magical artifact, or Nganga, that serves as the focal point of the Palero or Palo House. The more powerful the deceased soul the more powerful the spells can be.

Palo has a reputation of being evil and aligned to forces that bring illness, curses, hexes and other sickness. This is not without merit. It is widely accepted that the curses in Palo are the strongest in all spiritual communities. Even the Yoruba Priests, Vodou Houngans and Santeria Babalawo will seek out Paleros if powerful curses are needed. The curses act fast, are strong and often deadly.

But it is overlooked that Palo has the exact same power to heal. The same deceased spirits and mpungu can be called upon to heal any sickness. The power and effectiveness that they bring to the table as far as healing can be just as great as that used to curse. In many cases, even moreso.

It should be noted at this time that the spirit linked to the Nganga will largely define the power of the spells in place. For this reason many Paleros have more than one Nganga for use in different rituals. An Nganga with an evil spirit – often a condemned criminal – can be used for cursing. And an Nganga with the spirit of a deceased saint can be used for healing. Similar Nganga can also be crafted to focus on bringing love or financial prosperity.

Each Nganga is also linked to a traditional African spirit that will define the nature of the spells it can be used in. An Nganga that is linked to Kobayende will be more adept at healing than an Nganga linked to Chola Wengue, a spirit of material riches and wealth. The Tata, or Father, of a Palo House ultimately will have under his control any number of Nganga for use in various situations. Many Tata focus only in one thing – such as providing curses – while others may be “general practitioners” so to speak.

The take home point is that Palo can be used for every type of magic and spell imaginable. It is not a dark practice and it is certainly more than an evil offshoot of Santeria. Palo is a traditional Congolese religion that predates Santeria itself. It embraces the values, goals and hopes of African communities from the beginning of time. And although it can be used for nefarious purposes you can also use Palo for pure good. Palo can heal the sick, it can right wrongs, help bring you out of debt and fix relationships. In fact, compared to the narrow use of curses, Palo has far more potential for good than it does for harm in the lives of its practitioners and adherents.

Source by Michael Bijou

Leadership – Mechanistic and Organic Organizational Structures

Organizations are defined by McShane and Von Glinow as “groups of people who work interdependently toward some purpose” (McShane, Von Glinow, 2012, p.5). In order for these groups of people to successfully achieve their shared goals and purposes, there must be some level of strategic coordination among them that will facilitate a degree of collaboration that is both efficient and effective. This necessary coordination reflects the organizational structure, which can be broadly categorized as either mechanistic or organic (McShane, Von Glinow, 2012).

Characteristics of mechanistic and organic structures

The mechanistic structure is characterized by a narrow span of control, indicating a tall and vertical structure with lots of hierarchical layers. Authority in mechanistic structures is centralized with power maintained at the top of the organization. They typically have a high degree of formalization, with lots of standardizations, rules and procedures. The flow of communication is like the structure, vertical as opposed to horizontal. The organic structure is the exact opposite. It has a wide span of control, making the structure horizontal and flatter.

Decision making is decentralized down into the organization. Instead of standardization, organic structures are much more informal and flexible, with greater horizontal communication flow (McShane, Von Glinow, 2012).

Choosing the best organizational structure

To some degree, both types of structures are necessary in every organization. It is the internal and external environmental dynamics of the organization that determine the degree of mechanistic or organic characteristics that are most suitable at any given stage of organizational life. Most organizations begin in a very simple form, and become more complex as they grow and expand. Having a smaller number of customers, employees, and product lines, creates a relatively stable environment during which the mechanistic structure works best.

Stability is the ideal season for standardizing procedures, and establishing rules and operating policies that create a basic framework for the organization to operate. With fewer employees, the span of control can be more narrow and taller, providing closer supervision while casting employees in more specialized roles during these crucial startup periods which could last for several years. This taller hierarchical structure also facilitates centralized decision making, which is appropriate during the time when organizations are developing culture and establishing their position within their respective industries.

As organizations grow, Daft and Marcic (2011) describe two major changes that occur, which create the need for a more organic-leaning structure. The first occurrence is the result of increased customer base, product lines, and/or the number of services offered, which means the organization must hire more employees. Increased customer demands also require more specialized customer service, which means more departments. New departments will necessitate the creation of new roles for those departments. New product lines will create the need for a greater knowledge of environment and legal regulations regarding those products. All of these new challenges may require changing standardized procedures to match the new demands, which increasingly disrupts the carefully-planned routinized procedures and policies of the mechanistic structure (Daft, Marcic, 2011).

Organizational growth is typically characterized by rapid change, creating the need for a greater level of coordination throughout the organization. This coordination refers to the quality of collaboration between employees and departments, which is better facilitated with the flatter organizational structure consistent with the organic structure. It means organizing with teams and networks of people, and increasing the capability of horizontal communication, which encourages information sharing which inevitably empowers employees in lower positions to make quality and swift decisions in those rapidly-shifting environments. It does not totally alleviate the need for the vertical dimension, but it creates the requirement for more of the horizontal dimension (Daft, Marcic, 2011).

How both structures work together

National American University (NAU) is an excellent example of why organizations need both vertical and horizontal dimensions. Their vertical dimension consists of their board of directors and those who oversee executive functions for the organization and report to shareholders. This dimension also encompasses operational departments that have responsibilities for environmental elements like federal regulations. Because the university has both physical facilities as well as virtual facilities, they must follow state and local regulations, in addition to adhering to security regulations for the Internet. These are all areas that are encompassed with the vertical sphere of its structure. Its horizontal dimension is more applicable to its ability to provide personalized services to its students and staff members. Managing the financial and academic needs of students and staff necessitates a high quality of collaboration between departments.

Conclusion

Although organizations may favor one structure more than the other, both mechanistic and organic structures are necessary for organizations to achieve their goals. As organizations grow and change to meet the rapidly-changing environmental factors, they must be capable of adapting their structure to their changing environment. Adaptation may require widening their span of control to increase the quality of collaboration; it may involve decreasing the level of formalization by aborting or amending established policies and procedures and other routinized functions that no longer work in the more complex environment; and it may include empowering employees among the rank and file, by the willingness to openly share information and power.

References

Daft, R.L., marcic D. (2011). Understanding management 7th edition. South-Western Cengage Learning. Mason, OH 45040.

McShane, S.L., Von Glinow, M.A. (2012). Organizational behavior. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, NY. 10020

Source by Diana D Williams

Spring Quotations – Top 30 Quotations About Spring Time

  1. “Is it so small a thing To have enjoy’d the sun, To have lived light in the spring, To have loved, to have thought, to have done…”
    — Matthew Arnold
  2. “In the spring, at the end of the day, you should smell like dirt.”
    — Margaret Atwood
  3. “Spring being a tough act to follow, God created June.”
    — Al Bernstein
  4. “An optimist is the human personification of spring.”
    — Susan J. Bissonette
  5. “Can words describe the fragrance of the very breath of spring? ”
    — Neltje Blanchan
  6. “Autumn arrives in early morning, but spring at the close of a winter day.”
    — Elizabeth Bowen
  7. “If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant; if we did not sometimes taste of adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome.”
    — Anne Bradstreet
  8. “Happiness is like a sunbeam, which the least shadow intercepts, while adversity is often as the rain of spring.”
    — Chinese Proverb
  9. “When spring comes the grass grows by itself. ”
    — Tao Te Ching
  10. “Sweet springtime is my time is your time is our time for springtime is love time and viva sweet love. ”
    — e.e. cummings
  11. “A little Madness in the spring Is wholesome even for the King.”
    — Emily Dickinson
  12. “We are reformers in the spring and summer, but in autumn we stand by the old. Reformers in the morning, and conservers at night.”
    — Ralph Waldo Emerson
  13. “Oh, give us pleasure in the flowers today; And give us not to think so far away As the uncertain harvest; keep us here All simply in the springing of the year.”
    — Robert Frost
  14. “Spring sprang suddenly onto the land. ”
    — Jean Giono
  15. “Science has never drummed up quite as effective a tranquilizing agent as a sunny spring day.”
    — W. Earl Hall
  16. “I stuck my head out the window this morning and spring kissed me bang in the face. ”
    — Langston Hughes
  17. “Winter is on my head, but eternal spring is in my heart.”
    — Victor Hugo
  18. “Spring shows what God can do with a drab and dirty world.”
    — Virgil A. Kraft
  19. “Spring is when you feel like whistling even with a shoe full of slush.”
    — Doug Larson
  20. “One swallow does not make a summer, but one skein of geese, cleaving the murk of March thaw, is the spring.”
    — Aldo Leopold
  21. “If spring came but once a century instead of once a year, or burst forth with the sound of an earthquake and not in silence, what wonder and expectation there would be in all hearts to behold the miraculous change. ”
    — Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  22. “Indoors or out, no one relaxes in March, that month of wind and taxes, the wind will presently disappear, the taxes last us all the year.”
    — Ogden Nash
  23. “The difference between a gun and a tree is a difference of tempo. The tree explodes every spring. ”
    — Ezra Pound
  24. “Spring has returned. The earth is like a child that knows poems. ”
    — Rainer Maria Rilke
  25. “Spring is when life’s alive in everything.”
    — Christina Rossetti
  26. “If I had my life to live over, I would start barefoot earlier in the spring and stay that way later in the fall.”
    — Nadine Stair
  27. “The world’s favorite season is the spring. All things seem possible in May.”
    — Edwin Way Teale
  28. “Spring An experience in immortality. ”
    — Henry David Thoreau
  29. “Spring is a true reconstructionist.”
    — Henry Timrod
  30. “Spring is a heart full of hope and a shoe full of rain.”
    — Unknown

Source by Danielle Hollister