Why Choosing CFD’s Over Traditional Stock Investments Might Suit You

For many retail investors seeing the market above 7000 or the psychological barrier as it came to be known is a huge benchmark and very positive for those who have tracked the market up from the levels it fell to during the market crash in 2008. However this level poses more questions than it gives answers as we now find ourselves venturing into previously unchartered territory leaving many investors and traders wondering if now is the best time to look at taking profit and whether this is the top of the trend. If this viewpoint is to be the case then most traditional investors would be left wondering where best to place their money once they remove it from the market, its long been known that holding money in cash deposits although very safe does not satisfy savvy investors who strive to gain more from their money and will not be happy to settle with the below par interest rates offered by many banks or building societies.

The need for a suitable alternative to holding the underlying stock has been around for 15 years yet very few people in the retail sector fully understood it or even had knowledge in it. Trading CFD’s has several major advantages and these have firmly moved CFD’s into the spotlight increasing the popularity of this instrument over the last few years as the logical alternative to traditional stock investments. one of the main features is that you can speculate on both directions in the market by taking long and short positions, this allows investors who feel a drop in the market is coming to capitalise on the drop instead of pulling out of the market altogether. Although the benefits are vast there are risks associated that investors have to be aware of, for instance in traditional shareholding you can only lose 100% of your investment yet due to the leverage nature of CFD’s it’s possible to lose more than your initial deposit so stop losses and risk management would always be advised.

One of the big reasons why CFD’s now make up to 60% of all trades placed on the LSE on a daily basis is due to the fact that investors with a smaller level of capital who still wish to remain diverse across a number of positions or sectors can now do exactly that as you place trades via deposits instead of paying the full value of the position which allows them a much larger market exposure. Without the use of leverage investors will find traditional stock market investments can become very capital intensive as all positions have to be fully funded. CFD’s make it much easier to gain access to global markets and investments for a much lower cost to their capital and also it is far easier to move in and out of positions, in most cases via the click of a button. Another attractive feature to CFD’s is that you are not trading the underlying assets so therefore are not subjected to stamp duty tax but will still be entitled to dividends if you hold a long position in the company.

The bottom line is that lower margin rates in CFD trades can magnify profits but investors always have to mindful of the fact it can magnify losses so it’s wise to seek professional advice when dealing with them. CFD advisory services offer easy access to global markets and a wealth of other trading options such as commodities, currency and index trades providing an excellent alternative for certain types of traders or strategies.

Source by J. S. Ryan

The Causality of the Cohesion Performance Relationship Explained

Causality of the Cohesion-Performance Relationship

This article will demonstrate and explain previous research to date on the cohesion performance relationship. How does the relationship you have with colleagues at work affect performance both in the workplace and during sport. Is a causality prevalent and in what form? This article will explain previous research on this matter.

In 1994 the most important meta-analysis investigation to date was conducted by Mullen and Copper. They collected evidence from studies investigating the cohesion-performance relationship from various sub disciplines in psychology (e.g. industrial, sport, military, social). The study attempted to resolve inconsistencies in the research that have examined the cohesion-performance relationship. The study was based on a meta-analysis using forty-nine studies focusing upon whether team cohesion is the cause or the result of performance.

Furthermore Mullen and Copper (1994) research attention has also focused on whether team cohesion is the cause or the result of performance. Mullen and Copper (1994) noted,

“…Either direction is plausible. On the one hand, group cohesiveness could energise and direct group members towards successful task completion….On the other hand, excellence in performance should make group members feel much better about the group” (p.215).

Mullen and Copper (1994) results showed that the direction of the effect seems to be stronger from performance to cohesion than from cohesion to performance. However, this finding does not negate the point that cohesion can cause increases in performance. It does suggest, nonetheless, that changes in cohesiveness brought about by increases in performance are likely to be even stronger than changes in performance that can be brought about by increases in cohesiveness (Paskevick et al, 2001, p.476).

Carron et al., (2002) updated the preceding meta-analytic review by focusing on studies conducted only in the domain of sport. Using a domain of forty-six published papers they discovered that the cohesion-performance relationship was slightly stronger in coactive sports (ES =.766) than in interactive sports (ES =.657), the difference is not however statistically significant (p >.05). Thus, type of sport does not moderate the cohesion-performance relationship (Carron et al., 2002, p.179).

The study found that there is no difference between the cohesion-to-performance and performance-to-cohesion relationships, therefore contradicting the findings of Mullen and Copper (1994).

Landers et al. (1982) investigated the causality of the cohesion-performance relationship the researchers stated,

“Even when the same measuring instruments are employed for interactive team sports, some studies demonstrate a reciprocal causality between the two variables (i.e. cohesion affects performance outcome and vice versa), whereas other studies find that performance outcome affects cohesion, but cohesion does not influence performance” (p.171).

These findings have led to the formation of two conflicting models, each having their adherents and each suggesting quite different hypotheses as well as practical implications for coaches and athletes. This investigation will hopefully give an insight into individual’s perceptions of the causality of the cohesion-performance relationship. In terms of what this investigation expects to find, the research is exploratory in nature in terms of investigating the direction of the relationship.

This exploratory nature of the investigation is due to strong evidence of a reciprocal cohesion-performance relationship (Martens & Peterson, 1971, Landers et al, 1982) and strong conflicting evidence (Carron & Ball, 1977, Gill, 1978). This along with the different findings of Mullen and Copper (1994) meta-analysis and Carron (2002) meta-analysis the researcher is in no situation to predict a positive or negative cohesion-performance relationship.

The researcher does however expect to find that success is a much better predictor of eventual cohesiveness than cohesiveness is of eventual success. When teams win, the feelings of cohesiveness are extremely high, when they loose these feelings of cohesiveness is low. If so this will support the work of Carron and Ball (1977).

Source by Samuel James O’Sullivan

Being Your Own Boss – Sometimes It Gets Lonely – Depression Awareness Month

(This post was uploaded in support of Depression Awareness Month)

When the idea to start your own business first popped into your head, I’m guessing a certain level of pessimism invaded the bubble. The thought of the grind ahead I’m sure became all you thought about and perhaps, for some of you, those thoughts delayed the start-up somewhat.

But over time, that urge to be your own boss overwhelmed the pessimism and you made the jump.

And here you are.

You’re the boss.

And, it’s a bit scary right?

Sure it’s got its perks. You can pick the kids up from school. You no longer have to get approval to be ill and you set your own hours.


Even though you get to set your own hours, you never really switch off. The traditional 9 to 5 that forced you to become your own boss somehow gave way to a more gruelling 24 / 7.

Okay, you get to be ill without having to convince someone you are not fit to go to work but now, when you get ill, you probably won’t get paid.

And yeah, you get the option of more time with the kids but at what cost?

With your business on your mind 24 hours a day, where’s the escape? Even something as simple as watching TV loses its appeal. Sure, you are fixing your gaze on the screen but your brain isn’t engaging with the content like it used to. You’ve got work on your mind and everything else, whether we want to admit it or not, is a distraction.

Being your own boss is lonely. You may be surrounded with staff and have a loving partner at home and kids who adore you but it’s still lonely.

There’s a pressure in being your own boss that you never knew existed. It makes you think about all those bosses you didn’t much care for. It takes you back to those moments when you thought your boss could have handled a situation better and you start to empathise somewhat.

You start to put yourself in their shoes. What kind of pressure was your former boss under? You get a bit ashamed that you never thought to ask them. You were never there for them.

Just like no one is really there for you. Not really.

I guess today’s post is about me. I have no advice to give.

The government wants us to start small businesses and employ people but as soon as we do, they turn against us. Everyone has rights but we don’t.

It feels like the whole world is against us.

Sometimes we make stupid decisions. Like employing friends or family. We feel the need to surround ourselves with people we can trust yet fail to take into account that the moment we do, we kill relationships and find ourselves more alone than ever.

I’m sure there are times when employing family or friends has worked out well for someone but I’m guessing it doesn’t happen often coz there’s a famous saying floating around advising against doing such a thing.

So if you’re smart you avoid those pitfalls and make that famous Whitesnake song your own personal anthem.

Being your own boss is amazing but it’s also a lonely road that you walk alone.

It doesn’t have to be that way though; the government could make it easier for us. Sure they offer business advice initiatives but they’re all geared to growing your business which in turns adds more pressure and serves to isolate you further from the world.

Maybe the government could do more to help us job creators? Maybe they could, I don’t know, allocate a few hours per month of free counselling? Give us a safe environment where we can just talk about our problems without worrying anyone?

You see, that’s the real issue I have, as a business owner who can you really, deeply confide in?

If business is going well, who can you really share that info with? Your friends? That could illicit jealousy and could easily come across as bragging. Your staff? Well, that could just make them greedy. Your loving partner? Maybe, but is that enough?

And what about those times when things are not going so well? Who do you talk to then? You don’t want to burden your loved ones with that and you definitely can’t talk to your staff about it because more often than not what’s causing you sleepless nights is merely a blip in the grand scheme of things and sharing every blip can and will create paranoia amongst your workforce.

Fact is, you chose to be your own boss. As the boss you are a general. It’s your job to keep certain things to yourself until they absolutely need airing.

But it’s still hard.

Wednesdays for some reason have always been hard for me (this was posted on a Wednesday) I call them wobble Wednesdays. It’s the only day of the week where I allow dark thoughts. I do all my panicking on a Wednesday, the logic behind it being that I can analyse any blips and if there are any that have the potential to develop into something more substantial then I’ve given myself time to find a solution before payday hits.

I will be honest, today’s blip is not work related, well, not exactly. Today’s blip is down to me having to miss a family function this coming Friday due to work. A family member is reaching a certain milestone this Friday, it’s a big occasion, a get-together if you will, and I won’t be there because my business needs me to be somewhere else.

Let’s just say the news of my impending absence hasn’t gone over well.

Funny thing is, if I wasn’t my own boss and informed them that I had to miss the function due to my employer scheduling me a late shift the response to my absence would have been accepted. Heck, I would have even gotten some sympathy out it, but, as my family know that I am my own boss and that one of the most famous “perks” of being your own boss is that you pick your own hours, well, let’s just say that I’m not getting any understanding whatsoever let alone sympathy.

But I am my own boss. And I am alone. I guess deep down I wouldn’t have it any other way.

At least Whitesnake understands me…

Source by Dean Griffiths

What Are The Causes And Effects Of Skin Cancer

Like all cancers, skin cancer is caused when the cells are exposed to some external environmental condition. This causes the cells, or more specifically the genes in the cell to mutate and become known as a oncogene. An oncogene promotes tumor growth. In many cases of cancer it is not always clear what the environmental condition or conditions may be. In fact, it may not be just one condition that promotes cancer growth but a multitude of them making it harder to prevent the development of the disease. In the case of skin cancer, the environmental condition is thought to be exposure to ultraviolet radiation. And the most common source of ultraviolet radiation that most people are exposed to is sunlight.

However, some people can be exposed to sunlight more than others and never appear to develop skin cancers. It seems that some people are more sensitive to the ultraviolet radiation than others (although too much exposure to the sun will result in skin cancer for most people eventually). This is true and is based on the amount of melanin in the body. Melanin is the body’s natural defense against the sun. It turns the skin brown as a way prevent it from burning. This is the tan that many people cultivate.

People with low amounts of melanin will have paler skin. The skin will most likely turn red rather than brown and will burn before it tans (if it tans at all) depending on the melanin level. This is fair common knowledge to most people. Indeed, people with pale or blue eyes and fair hair are in the same category. They are likely to burn in the sun and this suggests that they have been exposed to too much ultraviolet radiation.

Even if you do not fit this genetic makeup, you are still susceptible to skin cancer if your family has a history of developing the disease.

The effects of skin cancer can vary. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer. It will often look like a mark on the skin that could be brown or red. It may be raised from the skin or flat to begin with. It generally doesn’t spread and is considered to be a benign cancer. It can appear anywhere on the body but mainly on areas that are directly exposed to the sunlight.

Squamous cell carcinoma is another form of skin cancer that is normally found on parts of the body that are exposed to sunlight. Again, it does not always spread from the original location but is more likely to spread than basal cell. If it does spread it will normally only spread to surrounding cells. So if it is on the surface of the skin you will notice a mark that is brown or red that starts to get larger over time.

Melanoma are the third type of skin cancer. They are the most serious and rarest form of skin cancer. They can appear anywhere on the body and are not uncommon in parts of the body that are not normally exposed to the sun, like the feet. They could take the form of a brown spot that gets larger or simply a lump under the skin.

A Melanoma can be malignant, meaning that they will continue to grow in a random fashion at an uncontrolled rate. This becomes a problem when the melanoma becomes invasive. This means it will interfere with surrounding tissues and organs to the extent that it destroys them or stops them functioning properly.

Depending on where the cancer spreads or metastasizes this can be extremely hard to treat and potentially life threatening.

Limiting your exposure to sunlight and other forms of ultraviolet radiation is the best preventative care you can take. Getting your skin checked out from time to time by your doctor is also a good idea. This is especially good advice if you notice any new or unusual moles or spots on your skin. Or if these lesions appear to have changed in any way.

Source by Adrian Whittle

Objectives of Property Management

Managing a property should have the goals and objectives. There are two types of organizational objectives which are the short time objective and the long term objective. The short time objectives is considered to be within one year and the long term objectives is more than one year.

The short term objective is also called as operational objectives as it will continue to be daily operation. Property management activities which are daily are such as garbage disposal, housekeeping or gardening. The manpower who been appointed to carry out the work such as repairing pipes should be someone who have the skills and knowledge. The manpower should be the qualified person. Besides, the management structure should have been organised and always updated. Necessary information for example contract or service needs to check to ensure that the service is always available for the owner or need to be terminated. Property information such as taxes needs to be paid and financial information such as rental payment should be recorded. The daily monitoring on work of the employee is required to make sure the performance measurement is good and have the quality. All the things that have been mentioned above are under the short time objective.

The long term objective is also called as strategic management. It is more on the policy making and interpretation. It is also about programmed formulation, implementation and activation. The owner seeks for the outcomes. For example, the mission of a hotel owner is to upgrade a 3 star hotel to 5 star hotels in 5 years time. Hence, the property manager will ensure and monitors all the essential works to make sure the mission will be achieved within the time.

The organizational objective is applicable for the life of the organization. It is included in the strategic plan, long term of five year plan and tactical plan. The organization should have the annual objectives. The short term objective in the operational plans should have the specific time horizon.

Source by Munirah Mohd Fuzi

Recycled Wood – Do You Know How Versatile & Eco-Friendly Rubberwood Is?

In the 1980s I had a rubber tree plant in my office as a decoration. Little did I know, there was a lot more hiding inside this versatile and eco-friendly tree.

While most people know that latex comes from the sap of the rubberwood tree, I for one, had no idea how really versatile and eco-friendly this tree truly is.

The sap of rubber tree has been used for 3600 years to produce latex, one of the most important substances we come in contact with in our everyday lives. Not a day or possibly even a minute goes by, when we are not in contact with something that is made from the rubberwood tree.

What makes this tree both versatile and eco-friendly?

Wood from the rubber tree has been found to have a high density grain, which makes for durability. This characteristic alone has helped rubberwood be seen as a high quality wood for use in the manufacturing of toys, furniture and wooden bathroom fixtures.

Because the rubberwood tree is a member of the maple tree family it is easily controlled during the kiln drying process which makes for a consistent finished product. It is also know for its compatibility to the adhesives used in furniture manufacturing.

A fine grain finish with a light color that excepts staining to darker finish easily, makes rubberwood the perfect material for making high end furniture.

The new found discovery of uses for this versatile, eco-friendly wood in so many products means that the trees are no longer burned at the end of their 30 year latex producing cycle.

Not only does this help the environment from an air quality point of view, it also means that these trees live on through the products they become a part of.

It isn’t any one particular quality of rubberwood that makes it versatile and eco-friendly, but all of these characteristics combined, that make make rubberwood a good choice for furniture and other products such as the high quality household fixtures and parquet flooring that will be durable and long lasting, no matter how hard they are used.

Source by Julian Teoh

Bad Credit Loans – Easier Approvals and Better Terms

While applying for loans is usually a stress for people with limited credit histories or past credit problems, most of it arises from fears of rejection. As brick-and-mortar financing institutions try to stay away from risky lending portfolios, they tend to decline most of applications made by bad credit consumers. This, however, does not mean that there are no options available for people with blemished credit. Borrowers with past credit problems are able to secure personal loans, auto loans, and mortgages.

Personal Loans For Poor Credit

Personal loans usually come in two varieties: unsecured and secured. Unsecured loans are historically most sought after, as they combine the ease of application, having no collateral requirements, and a freedom to spend the money any way a borrowers desires. Unsecured personal loans are credit-based, as nothing but the signature of the borrower is required to get one. While qualifying for unsecured loans may be somewhat more difficult than securing a car loan or a mortgage, all credit grades are eligible to apply. An easy application made with several lenders may reveal whether you are a good candidate for a loan, and, in case of success, help to choose the best terms from several lender offerings. People who are found ineligible for unsecured loans are often approached with collateral request, i.e. securing the loan with personal assets. Such loans are called secured loans. They are perfect for people who did not qualify for unsecured loans as well as to individuals who want to have lower payments and interest, as secured loans are considered safer than unsecured loans by lenders and commonly have better interest rates and larger loan amounts.

Bad Credit Car Loans

Car loans are often the most sought after lending products among bad credit borrowers, as having a reliable vehicle is a must for most people, especially the ones residing in suburban and rural areas where public transportation is deficient. Most lenders have no problems approving people even with serious credit issues; however, terms of such loans vary widely among lenders. Based on individual credit characteristics, some bad credit consumers may qualify for lower interest rates with little or no down payment, where others may be required to put a good chunk of money down.

Once again, the best way to find out what loan terms you may face is to submit an auto loan application among several bad credit auto lenders. There are a number of online services that allow submitting one application to be disbursed among multiple lenders, allowing collecting multiple lender quotes within a short time span. Most lenders have relaxed qualification requirements for auto loans coming down to having a steady job and some leftover income to cover loan payments.

Poor Credit Mortgages

Most people want to have their own home. People with bad credit are no exception. While getting a mortgage entails many technicalities, it is fairly easy to qualify for even with bad credit, as mortgages are treated by lenders as one of the safest investments. Unlike other loan products, a sufficient amount of money is required in order to cover down payments, closing costs, points, and so forth, no matter how good or bad your credit may be. Therefore, before even considering a mortgage, you should have some savings set aside. In addition, getting a mortgage is a paperwork-heavy process, requiring a lot of effort on the part of the borrower. Despite all above, the pride of owning a home easily offsets all of the hassle.

Borrowing Solutions For Poor Credit Borrowers

All loans have one great convenience to potential borrowers – quick and easy online applications and expedited reviews. As banks try to compete in saturating lending market, they offer increasingly better solutions to bad credit borrowers, resulting in more bad credit loan applications being approved. What was not possible only yesterday is quite feasible today.

Source by Kate Ross

Traveling Has Great Educational Value

The value of traveling as a part of education is great. Books give the students the theoretical knowledge. It is a second hand knowledge based on the experiences of others. Traveling gives students first had and practical knowledge. Such a knowledge is more valuable and permanent. Personal and practical experiences are never forgotten. They stand us in good stead throughout the life.

The value of tours, excursions, expeditions etc., during school and college days is of much practical importance. They strengthen learning and make education easy and entertaining. The lessons of history, geography, economics, science etc. can be best learnt by traveling to historical sites, places of natural interest, factories, great laboratories and national institutions. Lessons in ecology, environment and forest preservation become easier by visiting slums, industrially degraded places and forests. That is why such a great importance is attached to educational tours, expeditions and excursions. The problems of poverty, over-population and slums become clearer by visiting the living conditions of the villagers and slum-dwellers. Lessons in history become a mere book-learning without a visit to museums and historical places.

Education is an ever ongoing process. It does not stop wit leaving a school or a college. Life itself is the biggest school and experience the biggest teacher. Travel takes us to various places and people. It provides us with many new and rich experiences. We come into contact with new people, things and places. The practical knowledge obtained through traveling is matchless. Traveling is essential to understand people, places and things.

Travel widens our horizon of knowledge. It broadens the mind and enlarges the heart. It is ever enjoyable and entertaining. Modern means of traveling are very fast, easy, economical and convinent. Their speed, safety and reliability is beyond doubt. Students can easily to on tours and expeditions and obtain rich, practical and much valuable education. The more travel there is, the richer and wider is your training and education. Travel in the young age is a part of education. Travel teaches the students about the oneness in the variety and diversity of life.

Travel promotes feelings of tolerance and brotherhood. It grows and promotes feelings of nationalism. Travel is a good means to know one’s country, people, culture and history. It increases business and commercial activities. It brings people closer. Promotion of cultural, social and national activities are part of liberal education. It is through traveling that warm, true and genuine friendship and brotherhood can be formed. Travel changes our attitudes favourably. It makes us enlightened intellectually.

A student who never goes out of his city or town has a narrow vision. His outlook is limited and bookish. He fails to can never realise the real greatness, strength and glorious culture of the country. By traveling he can easily learn and imbibe the integrity and unity of India. It is rightly said that home-keeping youth has ever homely wits. Learning is not complete without traveling.

Source by Rahul K

Proper Maintenance for Asphalt Pavement

Asphalt is among the most popular commercial paving materials used today due to its water-resistance, flexibility, aesthetic appeal, and excellent adhesive abilities. All of these properties and more make asphalt pavement an asset that requires a structured level of preservation and care. Otherwise, it is prone to fading, damage, instability, and various other negative implications. With proper preventative maintenance, asphalt pavements can remain beautiful and functional for years. Not only is this ideal for investment purposes, but for liability as well. If you are an involved property owner, continue reading to learn the best methods for asphalt maintenance and care.

Asphalt Maintenance

Although pavement maintenance agendas will differ from property to property, the overall purpose of asphalt maintenance is to sustain its appeal and extend its life. Some paving maintenance tasks can be managed on your own or by an appointed staff, such as inspections and trash clearance; while others are best left in the hands of trained and equipped professionals. An ideal pavement maintenance should include basic tasks like regular assessments, sweeping, crack filling, pothole repair, periodic line striping, and most importantly, seal coating. Without a proper sealcoat, asphalt pavements will experience heightened wear and tear from traffic, weather, chemicals, salts, and more, which shortens their life and diminishes their aesthetic value.

Asphalt Seal Coating

Seal coats are emulsions that are brushed or sprayed onto pavements, providing a clear protective layer against moisture and the above-mentioned threats. There are several types of commercial sealcoats available on the market, but the most popular versions include fog seal, slurry seal, and chip seal emulsions. Some sealcoat products are water-based, which are easier and safer to spread. But there are also waterless versions that use organic or plant-based oils or hydrocarbon solvents instead.

Choosing to Seal Coat

If your asphalt pavement is old and in poor condition, it will not likely benefit from a new layer of seal coat. In some cases, it is more cost-effective to repair or replace deteriorated asphalt pavements instead. However, if your asphalt is in good condition, a periodic re-sealing can be a highly-beneficial maintenance decision. Talk to your trusted paving contractor for a professional recommendation of your asphalt’s maintenance and sealcoating schedule. They will know exactly what your property needs and at what intervals. The cost of having your asphalt seal-coated will depend on several factors, such as the square footage, the condition of pavement, and any additional surface applications needed.

Source by Sarahbeth Kluzinski

7 Powerful Winter Home Remedies For Acne

We are in the middle of winter (well in most countries, anyway) and if you have acne, you might have noticed that your acne can worsen during the winter months. Or if you never had acne, you’ve just seen your first pimples flare up on your skin, mostly on your face.

Many people notice a drastic change in their acne during the winter months, particularly when they live in areas where winters are quite harsh and cold. If you have light acne in summer, you will see that your acne will really liven up during the winter season. Also your acne scars will become much more visible, because the summer tan is gone so there is nothing to hide them.

Before panic sets in, you need to know the most important things you can do by yourself to keep your skin clear of acne, or at least how to avoid worsening it.

What is with winter and acne anyway?

During the winter, we are mostly indoors, which means we are exposed to dry air pretty much all the time. Well, except when we go out to the biting cold, so we’re then exposed to a sudden change in the air temperature. If you think you’re skin will not suffer due to these factors, you’re sadly mistaken. Our skin is the first contact with the outside word, so it is greatly affected by pretty much everything going on around us.

Here are some proven tips and acne home remedies that you can employ right away from the comfort of your home, to help you go through the winter unharmed.

  1. Put a vaporizer in your bedroom. This will moisture the already dry air due to the constant heaters. Also you can use a humidifier for better results. When I was a kid, and all these gadgets were not available, I remember my mom every night putting a bowl of water in the room. This kept the air moist and it really helped. I guess old home remedies are still some of the best, even if now we have these modern gadgets that do it faster and more effective.
  2. Open your windows for about 10-15 minutes every morning. This will allow to mix the air a bit, so the dry air leaves your room, being replaced with fresh air. Just make sure you have an extra blouse or a warm robe on you, so you don’t catch a cold. Some people are more sensitive than others, so make sure you know what works for you best.
  3. Drink lots of water to keep yourself hydrated. This tip is good all year around, not only for the winter months. However, you might feel less thirsty in winter (because heat promotes thirst stronger), so do not forget to drink your 7-10 glasses of water per day (at least).
  4. Change your skin cleaser. You might not be aware of it, but there are different cleansers for different types of weather. For example if you’re using cleansers containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, they are not the best in winter. Why? Because they dry your skin – which you definitely want to avoid in winter. Switch for the winter months to milder cleansers, such as Dove or Neutrogena, they’re available pretty much everywhere.
  5. Keep your skin moist by using moisturizer. If you haven’t used them yet, now it’s the time to start. Make sure you use a moisturizing gel or lotion, not cream.
  6. Cut back on using over the counter acne fighting medication, such as creams and lotions. They are great but definitely dry your skin (since one of the ways of fighting acne is to dry out the pimples). Winter is not the best time to have a dry skin, so I don’t say stop using these, but use them every second day instead of every day, at least for the next 1-2 months until the weather is improving. Note: if you have doctor prescribed treatments, make sure you do not change those, not at least without your doctor’s consent.
  7. You need a way to sweat out the toxines during the winter. This is maybe one of the most overlooked home remedy that you can employ in winter. Basically what happens is, during summer, with exercise, sports, jogging, you sweat. Then you drink plenty of water. Which means, through sweating you release all the toxins out of your body. However during the winter, people become more sedentary in nature, and exercise much less than in summer. So you need to find a way to release those accumulated toxins during the winter as well. Find a nearby sauna (unless you’re one of the lucky ones to have a sauna at home), go to a gym, but don’t stop exercising in winter.

There are much more things you can do, but if you adhere to these 7 only, you will get through winter with a clear, shiny face.

Source by Zoe Sharp